Guy Philippe (L) and Mirlande Manigat
PORT AU PRINCE, Haiti -- On Friday, at a conference at the State University of Haiti (UEH) on "The 1997 Extradition Treaty between Haiti and the United States in the context of the 1987 Constitution", former presidential candidate and constitutionalist, Mirlande Manigat, told a student audience that in her view the extradition of the newly elected senator, Guy Philippe, on January 5 was illegal under Haitian law.
Manigat, after rejecting the treaty of October 27, 1997, which she described as irregular, in particular because of a question of signatures, on which the Brigade for the Fight Against Narcotic Drugs (BLTS) relied for the arrest, recalled that Philippe, as a Haitian citizen, should, like any other Haitian citizen, have been protected by the state (Article 41 of the Constitution: "No person of Haitian nationality can be deported or forced to leave the national territory for any reason whatsoever..."
On the other hand, she indicated that before the arrest of the senator a warrant of arrest should have been issued against Philippe, in accordance with Article 24.2 of the amended Constitution, which in this case was ignored by the authorities concerned, HaitiLibre reported.
In addition, she pointed out that, in an extradition proceeding, the minister of justice and the prosecutor's office had to be fully involved parties; the first was absent and the second was not even informed of the arrest.
For Manigat, the intervention of foreign forces [the US Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA)] on Haitian soil is an insult to the sovereignty of Haiti.
Manigat is the widow of former president Leslie Manigat and was a candidate in the 2010 presidential election.