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Commentary: Tidbits: Adelphi-Grand Bay Estate
Published on April 8, 2017Email To Friend    Print Version

By Anatol Leopold Scott

Tidbits: “choice morsels” mostly from Legacies of British Slave-ownership database

The three Triminghams – Nathaniel Thomas (b 1794 - d. 1878, Barbados), Henry Jennings (b. 1799 - d. 1857, Paget, Bermuda), and Ralph Francis Trimingham (b.1800 - d. 1868, Chicago, Ill, USA) – who operated as merchants at Kingstown, St Vincent, were first cousins; their fathers, Daniel and Francis, were brothers. Henry was the son of Daniel Trimminham and Catherine Darrel, while Nathaniel and Ralph were sons of Francis Trimingham and Frances Lighthouse.

Anatol Leopold Scott is a graduate of the St Vincent Boys’ Grammar School. In 1969, he was appointed executive secretary of the St Vincent Tourist Board under James Mitchell, the then minister of agriculture, tourism, and trade. He emigrated to Canada where he worked at different jobs in government and private enterprises. He pursued higher education at the University Of Alberta, graduating BA (1993) with distinction, and MA (1994) in History.
The three cousins were the owners of a slave plantation, called Adelphi-Grand Bay, on the Grenadine island of Mustique.

They were part of the seventh generation of a Bermuda family whose many family lines began in the 18th century with patriarch Patrick Downing, owner of a plantation on Bermuda. As such, the cousins were not strangers to the management of a slave plantation. This is clearly evident in the way they managed their Adelphi/Grand Bay operation on Mustique.

In 1804, the plantation consisted of 100 acres and, 13 years later, its size had been increased to 600 acres. They produced cotton, which meant that they needed fewer slaves to labour on the plantation. During the period 1804-1818, for example, using an annual average of 43 slaves, they produced a total of 250 bales of cotton.

Their hands-on, professional approach to management, compared to the vast majority of estates on St Vincent, is also evident in the type of information they recorded. We know, for example, that the older cousins, Nathaniel and Henry ran the merchant portion of the business at Kingstown while Ralph, the youngest, managed the Mustique estate.

We learn that the plantation received its first slaves from Bermuda, that over the years they selectively purchased slaves from other plantation owners and individuals: for example, in 1822 – from N B Cropper, F Campbell, Thomas Fairbairn, Henry Charles, William H Prescod, Mary Chichie, John Henderson, and by the lease of others from William Derrick; in 1827 – from William Stowe, Sir C Brisbane, Mrs King, J Bannantyne, Lucy Munro, D McArthur, J Seymour and D Seymour, G Hyde, William Fraser, T Trimingham, J Kladen, etc. and importation from Bermuda.

We learn that, in 1822, '1 enslaved person sold to Samuel Finch and 2 to Mary Chichie'; in 1827 – ‘5 enslaved people ... sold to Samuel Fenton; in 1830 - 'sale to Elizabeth Campbell, to Alexander Torrance, and to H J Trimingham.' We learn that, in 1830, there was a 'decrease by deaths and by enslaved people being the property of the heirs of William Derrick, now to be returned by Nathan Newbold, one of the executors.'

Perhaps the most Interesting discovery about the Triminghams is that, among their ships’ crews, they were using 24 enslaved persons as mariners and that, in 1834, they totally freed six of these individuals. In 1834, they enumerated a total of 111 slaves (64F, 47M) at Adelphi Grand Bay and were awarded £2,902; included among those were some slaves who were involved in their Kingstown and shipping enterprises worth £1,915 – Total £4,817 – EC$60,347.
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James H:

How quickly we forget when there are no signposts in life! See how quickly we also forget when poverty causes us to engage in a bitter daily struggle to support only physical life itself, leaving us very little time to engage in the pursuit of self-knowledge, true appreciation of leisure and our national history.

A glance at our forebears, theirs and our recent past experiences and the “middle passage story”,

serves to remind us how little we have achieved as a nation, now wallowing in glaring poverty and utter hopelessness. Exploited by the new buccaneers bent on grabbing lands and trade and aided by their Neo-Colonialist allies.


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