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Huge economic challenge ahead, says Cuban president
Published on June 25, 2014 Email To Friend    Print Version

Cuba's Council of Ministers

HAVANA, Cuba (ACN) -- President Raul Castro headed a meeting of Cuba's Council of Ministers last Saturday in which he called for deeper analysis of the challenges that continue to affect the country’s economic growth.

"We have a huge challenge ahead, and we must not let the problems overwhelm us," he noted.

Economy and planning minister Adel Yzquierdo submitted the economic report for the first semester of this year by explaining that although the Cuban economy grew compared to 2013, expected levels will not be reached, indicating a greater economic slowdown than foreseen. He said that the country's gross domestic product (GDP) will grow some 1.4 percent by the end of the year.

As to the investment plan, the minister pointed to a 95 percent estimate by the end of 2014.

Government vice-president Marino Murrillo Jorge referred to the ongoing currency unification process by explaining that some actions have included the training of personnel at different entities in order to carry out the program.

However, he insisted that the currency unification by itself will not solve all the problems facing Cuban economy, but it is a crucial part of the whole process, which takes other policies aimed at increasing efficiency and productivity.

Murillo also referred to the new Foreign Investment Law, which comes into force on June 28, and to a gradual process that gives larger autonomy to government companies, implying more responsibilities for executives, officials and members of that sector.

The vice-president said that at present a total 249 cooperatives are in operation in different economic sectors, while self-employment counts on over 467,000 workers and the figure is expected to keep growing.

The progressive development of renewable energy sources and the efficient use of energy are crucial for the country in order to increase efficiency and change the energy pattern of the country to reduce dependence on imported fossil fuels, said the vice-president. At present the use of renewable energy sources accounts only for 4.3 percent of the electricity produced in the country.

General Comptroller Gladys Bejerano referred to indiscipline and illegalities by explaining that these irregularities continue to take place due to inefficient control systems to detect them in time.

"The evaluation of these acts is not always carried out with the necessary criticism and self-criticism on the part of those who are responsible for the control and supervision of the work of their subordinates," said the official.
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Parnell Duverger:

To achieve significant economic growth for the Cuban economy, Mr. Castro will be well advised to allow free market capitalism to create economic opportunities for all Cubans. Cuba is not the only socialist economy that finds it impossible to solve the economic calculation problems plaguing such economies.

Free market capitalism will create a competitive economy based on the efficiencies achieved by Cuban enterprises to produce quality goods and services at the lowest possible prices. The experience of Cuban exiles in Miami and elsewhere could contribute enormously towards such ends.

Cuba stands to benefit from understanding the recent experience of China in growing its domestic economy, without compromising the most important social gains of the revolution.

As an economist, I would be happy to help in introducing free markets in Cuba.


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