HAVANA, Cuba (ACN) -- Cuban families currently own nearly 85 percent of the houses in the country, while only six percent of the housing stock belongs or is linked to state entities.
The rest is under rental system, or are rooms, rural homes and other kinds of places, according to the most recent 2011 report by the Housing Institute.
The housing stock was reported at nearly 4 million homes, with 60 percent of them built after 1959. Most of them are houses and apartments.
Some 75 percent of the total number of homes is located in urbanized areas, with an average occupation of 3.4 inhabitants per home. However, 63 percent of those housing units are considered as in good technical conditions and 37 percent in regular or bad shape, due to their aging or lack of appropriate maintenance, either by the state or the population.
The situation improved over the past decade, particularly in historic city centres, where vulnerability and risk studies are carried out by the local environment agency. These studies contribute to construction projects while bearing in mind the damage inflicted by ten hurricanes that affected the island between 2001 and 2008, which caused the loss of one million homes.
A law adopted on 28 October 2011 eased legal restrictions related to the donation, transfer, sale and purchase of private homes in Cuba.