ST GEORGE’S, Grenada -- Grenada’s physical development will soon be guided by comprehensive plan.
The government of Grenada through the Physical Planning Unit of the Ministry of Works is creating a national physical development plan for the tri-island state.
The plan will establish a clear framework to promote and guide developmental activities in a sustainable manner.
The plan will diagnose key development issues and outline a strategic vision for future developmental activities.
The plan is expected to encourage strategic land use and investment decisions which will contribute to a higher quality of life for Grenadians through sustainable development and management of the physical environment.
The national territory covers an area of approximately 347 km², which in the 2001 the population census was recorded as 102,634 persons after experiencing an average annual growth rate of 0.7% between the years 1991 to 2001. Grenada during that time experienced stable economic development in the decade of the 1990s, with an annual average growth rate of 3.77% during that period. Unemployment declined from an estimated 26.7% in 1994 to 12.5% in 1999. The economy 2001 recorded a negative growth of 3.4% in 2001 following positive growth of 6.6% the previous year.
The development pattern in the country is characterized by the concentration of population, community facilities, business activities, and employment opportunities in the Greater St George’s Urban Area and the wider Parish of St George in the southwest of Grenada. St George was the only parish that experienced a higher population growth rate of (1.5%) than the national rate between 1991 and 2001. The greatest proportion of the national population is 36.1%, which are residents in that parish, and over the years there has been an increasing movement of the population in the southwest region as a result of the rural to urban migration.
The town of St George is the main urban centre in Grenada by virtue of its size, development form and service functions. It functions as the primary administrative, commercial and cultural centre which is the main of focus of the transportation system.
Development disparities between the Greater St George’s Urban Area and the other settlements in the country are however influencing patterns of rural to urban migration and in resulting in the congestion and other environmental impacts in the town of St George.
The development in the southwest of the island Grenada could result in serious adverse impacts on the quality of life in St George’s and the wider southwest as well as on the social and economic vitality of outlying districts. This requires alternative future patterns of the development to be examined and an appropriate strategy selected to guide and manage the developmental process in the tri-island state of Grenada, Carriacou and Petite Martinique.