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Commentary: The independence experience of the OECS and prospects for the future - Part 7
Published on November 1, 2012 Email To Friend    Print Version

By Dr Ralph E. Gonsalves
Prime Minister of St Vincent and the Grenadines

This extensive paper, which has been published in several parts (of which this is the last), is an edited version of a longer document which formed the basis of a presentation made on August 24, 2012, by Dr Ralph E. Gonsalves, Prime Minister of St Vincent and the Grenadines, at the closing session of “the Fifty-Fifty” Conference of the Sir Arthur Lewis Institute of Social and Economic Studies (SALISES) of the University of the West Indies in Kingston, Jamaica. Among other things, the publication excludes the section on “the Grenada Revolution” (1979 – 1983) which is amply covered in the prime minister’s autobiography entitled The Making of ‘the Comrade’: The Political Journey of Ralph Gonsalves.

This paper contains, too, the essence of Dr Gonsalves’ discussion on the subject “Rethinking Policy to Address Low Growth and High Debt: The Economic Challenges Facing the OECS/Caribbean” on September 04, 2012, at a recently-concluded “High Level Forum” sponsored by the International Monetary Fund, the Caribbean Development Bank, and the Central Banks of CARICOM member-countries at Port-of-Spain, Trinidad and Tobago.

The ideas of Dr Gonsalves, contained in this paper, are well-known to those who have followed his speeches and writings, especially his Budget Addresses, his United Nations Speeches, his Addresses to CARICOM and OCS, national and international gatherings, and his various publications over the past dozen or so years. They constitute what he calls “a compelling narrative” for socio-economic development. He weaves history, philosophy, literature, economics, law, politics, sociology, policy-making, public administration, governance, and more, into his integrated narrative.

Part 7: Some Issues for Ongoing Reflection

A bundle of issues arise for ongoing reflection from the evolution of the political economy of the member-countries of the OECS and the wider CARICOM and the prospects for the future, especially in these uncertain, complicated times.

gonsalves7.jpg
Dr Ralph E. Gonsalves, Prime Minister of St Vincent and the Grenadines
I begin first with some general guidance as to the approach to be taken. In the exercise of overall economic management and socio-economic change, the unvarnished reality of the nature and structure of our economy, its location and multi-faceted relationships in the globalised economy, and its regional integration networks, must always be the context for our strategy, plans and actions. We must always seek truth from facts; and the real world provides validation for the truth. Abstractions, imaginings, mythical observations and far-fetched musings must give way to scientific enquiry, fact-based analysis, explanations or theoretical postulates grounded in the real world and sound prescriptions. All this demands a proper inventory of our country’s resources, our people’s possibilities and limitations, the economic and political space available for further creative initiatives geared towards socio-economic advancement, and our nations’ capacity to implement that which we have determined as necessary and desirable to be implemented.

This general approach has to be twinned with a compelling narrative, well articulated, for socio-economic development and change. It is to be readily admitted that developmental tasks ahead are not easy for small, resource-challenged countries like those in the OECS, particularly in the current problematic condition of the global economy. That admission, however, ought not to induce us to embrace a debilitating learned helplessness in which every problem is “scholarly” exaggerated, defined without reason or balance, pronounced to be an intractable crisis, and without the proffering of credible solutions; indeed, such postures frequently includes pessimistic declarations that no credible solutions are available. The high priests of learned helplessness are merchants of the glib hyperbole which they use or misuse as a kind of intellectual entertainment. But public policy is serious business to be conducted by serious people; it is not a branch of the entertainment industry.

The loss of bearings by some, and their descent into learned helplessness, flow not from mere opportunism or vanity, although there is an abundance of that, but from their failure and/or refusal to think critically about the issues at hand, and the fundamental inadequacies of their intellectual tool-kit. Thus, for example, too many students in our universities are taught the study of economics as a series of technical functions to be utilised or applied in the presumed manner of a physicist manipulating atoms in a science laboratory. Economic phenomena, being part of the social laboratory, are not so easily defined, manipulable or predictable with certainty. Economics, simpliciter, without a full appreciation of the history of economic thought or economic philosophy and without the comparative lessons drawn from economic history, and our own socio-economic evolution, generates more confusion than clarity. Economic technicians have their role but creative solutions cannot be found from them unless their technical work is grounded in a thorough-going political economy and social economy.

Accordingly, I find instructive some insightful ideas contained in an Editorial entitled “A Blockbuster Year” in an international journal, The New Scientist, of a year ago (Volume 212, No. 2844/2845, December 24-31, 2011):

“This year [2011] has felt like one of [Samuel] Goldwyn’s movies, beginning with the first act, earthquake in Japan, and working up to the financial crisis in Europe, via nuclear disaster, tumult in the Middle East, the assassination of the world’s most wanted man, and particles that travel faster than light. At times, the news was more gripping than anything Hollywood was producing.

“And more bewildering, too. To put it in cinematic terms: this year’s storyline has been pretty difficult to follow: even ‘the experts’ have been left struggling to anticipate or explain the course of events.

“Why? Because they like the rest of us, have been seduced by simplistic models of complex systems that range from social policy to market economies to the environment. Ideology has come to prevail over evidence; among some factions, blind faith ----- has triumphed over reason.

“Social inequity has become a massive concern everywhere from the Arab Street to Wall Street. Yet our understanding of whether or how it should be addressed has only recently advanced beyond trickle-down dogma. In general, trials of social innovation ----- are flimsily designed and politically inexpedient outcomes rejected. Genuinely evidence-based policy-making remains the exception, rather than the rule.

“Behaviour psychology and agent-based modeling have long undermined economics, in which investors are deemed all-knowing and speculative bubbles no more than occasional blips. Until now. Are financial markets too free or not free enough? No one yet knows how to answer that question. Only recently have we started to look for clues in networks analyses.

“The problems of perpetual growth have long been discussed, too: We are clearly consuming resources at an unsustainable rate. But alternatives are dismissed as wooly crankery, and change fiercely resisted: witness the furor over climate change.

“In short, the world doesn’t just resemble a blockbuster movie; it is being run like one too. And that can’t be good -----. Rules of thumb, hunches, and received wisdom have proved time and again to be no substitute for genuine understanding.

“[T]he best way to make progress is to consider fresh new ideas, test them and accept the lessons learned, no matter how unsettling they may be.”

A second issue for our reflection is the extent to which the “culture” of the people facilitate or hinder enterprise and economic development. Increasingly, I am convinced, at least by the anecdotal or casually observable evidence around us, that “culture” matters much to our living and production. An evidential list, which is not exhaustive, of “no growth” or “anti-growth” traits, includes: Chronic lateness for work and clock-watching for precise or early departure at the formal end of the workday by too may employees and managers; the lack of consideration for the property of the employer, private or state, including pilfering of property by too many; ill-discipline, refusal to work as a team, and inattention to details by too many workers and managers; the widespread belief by too many persons that there is a preferred nobility in poverty compared to comfortable living derived from honest labour; excessive spending in too many families beyond the means of the household; a marked preference by too many for consumption and little regard for savings and investment; an aversion by too many for productive work and an accompanying devotion to idleness, leisure, pleasure, “nice time”, and fete; a growing and worrying trend by too many to use violence as the preferred means of settling disputes; the absence of restraint, and a coarseness by too many in employment or social relations.

Of course, large numbers of our people, including talented young people, possess a productive cultural ethos and are exemplary workers, supervisors, managers and professionals. But they are often weighed down by a minority for whom laziness, ill-discipline, and an aversion to productive work, define them.

There is an abundance of informed literature on this subject. A useful starting point is a book entitled Culture Matters edited by Lawrence E. Harrison and Samuel P. Hutington and published in 2000. In the introductory essay of this volume, Lawrence E. Harrison tells us that:

“A growing number of scholars, journalists, politicians, and development practitioners are focusing on the role of cultural values and attitudes as facilitators of, or obstacles to, progress. They are the intellectual heirs of Alex de Toqueville, who concluded that what made the American political system work was a culture congenial to democracy; Max Weber, who explained the rise of capitalism as essentially a cultural phenomenon rooted in religion; and Edward Banfield, who illuminated the cultural roots of poverty and authoritarianism in southern Italy, a case with universal applications.”

Let us be emphatic that a country’s cultural make-up has nothing to do with ethnicity or any set of innate differences between peoples as some jaundiced observers try vainly to make out. In the influential book, Guns, Germs and Steel published in 1997, its author, Jared Diamond, conclusively argues:

“The striking differences between the long-term histories of peoples of the different continents have been due not to innate differences in the peoples themselves but to differences in their environments.”

Diamond further submits:

“[C]ultural factors and influences of individual people loom large. To take the former first, human traits vary greatly around the world. Some of that cultural variation is no doubt a product of environmental variation. ------ But an important question concerns the possible significance of local cultural factors unrelated to the environment. A minor cultural feature may arise for trivial, temporary local reasons, become fixed, and then predispose a society toward more important cultural choices ------. Such cultural processes are among history’s wild cards that would tend to make history unpredictable.-----.

“----[C]ultural idiosyncrasies, unrelated to environment and initially of little significance, might evolve into influential and long-lasting cultural features. Their significance constitutes an important unanswered question. It can best be approached by concentrating attention on historical patterns that remain puzzling after the effects of major environmental factors have been taken into account”
[emphasis added].

It is evident that “culture”, the sum total of a society’s behavior, attitudes, values, and social institutions transmitted, learnt or fashioned across generations, does not constitute an independent variable. “Culture” is grounded in the production of goods and services, the mode of that production, including the relationships which exist between, and among, individuals and groups, in the process of production. Originally conceived “culture” was about planting crops and rearing animals. Though now more widely conceptualised, it is essentially about nurturing, rearing, cultivating, living and production. It is the entire apparatus, ideational behavioural and institutional, which is at once touches and concerns living and dying, work and leisure, pleasure and production. Comparative studies show that culture is influenced by a host of factors, including geography and climate, production and the relations of production, the impact of dominant societies, politics, and the complex of history.

Jared Diamond’s incisive observations are all the more compelling when read in conjunction with an excellent essay by Mariano Grondona, an Argentine Professor, entitled “A Cultural Typology of Economic Development” to be found in the edited volume, Culture Matters. Grondona asserts:

“The process of economic development reaches a crisis when the nation passes from one state to the next. It is at that moment when temptations arise. If the nation manages to resist these temptations, it will achieve development; otherwise, it will only enjoy a short period of enrichment.

“When the cycle starting with labour and ending in reinvestment has yielded some fruit, and people feel richer, they may be inclined to work less. On the other hand, consumption may rise at a pace that reduces the surplus, so that development turns into enrichment. Furthermore, even if the surplus is increased, a nation may decide not to return it to productive investment.-------

Every time a crucial temptation appears, a country may either overcome it or fall into it. Thus we may also define the process of economic development as an unending sequence of decisions favourable to investment, competition, and innovation that are made whenever the temptation to diverge arises.”
[Emphasis added]

Undoubtedly, the geographic location of the member-countries of the OECS in the neighborhood of the world’s most powerful economy and influential society, affects their citizens’ living and production for good or ill. The expansive lifestyles of America engender a similar materialist quest in the people of the OECS but without the corresponding level of wealth and income. Further, it appears as though too many of our people appropriate or imitate the less valued aspects of America’s popular culture while insufficiently embracing that society’s innovations and productive output. Our migrants in the USA display a splendid work ethic but too many of us who remain at home too often fall prey to work slackness and idleness.

Grondona lists twenty contrasting cultural factors, the particular application of which may hinder or facilitate economic development. These are: Religion; trust in the individual; public morality; two concepts of wealth; two views of competition; two notions of justice; the value of work; the role of history; education and training; the importance of utility; the virtues of tidiness, courtesy and punctuality and other seemingly “lesser” virtues; the focus of time; rationality; relations with authority; a world view; a life view; salvation from or in the World; two utopias; the nature of optimism; and visions of democracy.

An interesting companion to Grondona’s cultural typology is that of Lawrence E. Harrison, in his book, The Pan-American Dream, published in 1997. Harrison identifies ten values, attitudes or mindsets that distinguish “progressive” cultures from “static” cultures, namely:

(i) Time orientation: Progressive cultures emphasise the future; static cultures emphasise the present or the past. The present and the past must be utilized properly to carve out a progressive future; we must not, however, live in the past.

(ii) Work, not idleness or pleasure, is central to the good life in progressive cultures.

(iii) Frugality is the mother of investment and financial security in progressive cultures.

(iv) Education is the cornerstone to progress in progressive cultures.

(v) Merit is central to advancement in progressive societies.

(vi) Community: In progressive cultures, the radius of identification and trust extends beyond the family to the broader society.

(vii) The ethical code tends to be more rigorous in progressive cultures.

(viii) Justice and fairplay are universal impersonal expectations in progressive cultures.

(ix) Authority tends toward dispersion and horizontality in progressive cultures.

(x) Secularism: The influence of religious institutions on civic life is not excessive in progressive cultures; religious tolerance is a hallmark of progressive societies.

I feel sure that much of our economic challenges arise from a culture which insufficiently facilitates work, enterprise, productivity, and socio-economic development. This, as we have shown, is a many-sided issue which demands attention by all stakeholders: governments, political parties, trade unions, the churches, the schools, the family, the business community, the mass media, and all non-governmental bodies. Education, socialization, altered structures and institutions, a reformation in the social organisation of labour, and more, are pivotal in this endeavour. It ought to take root under the rubric of the further ennoblement of our Caribbean civilisation. Emphasis on this cultural dimension as an inhibitor or facilitator of economic growth and development is evident in Winston Dookeran’s recent book, Power Politics and Performance: A Partnership Approach for Development.

Progressive thinkers in our Caribbean, and elsewhere, have too long left this “culture” issue to free market ideologues or those with a Euro-centric perspective. Our Caribbean civilisation possesses a bundle of tried and tested cultural traits which have enabled us to build sophisticated, self-sustaining, productive societies. In our age of freedom and independence we ought not to allow debilitating cultural traits from the ghettoes of cities in the western world and elsewhere to frame our popular culture and condition too many of our people’s minds to hedonism and a cultural baggage, including unbridled individualism, inimical to socio-economic development, solidarity, and progress.

A final cluster of issues on which on-going reflection is required, and about which I have commented extensively elsewhere, include: appropriate home-grown constitutional reform and improved governance; citizen security; restructured and more effective public administration and management; a coordinated regional policy towards, and management of, global warming, climate change and disaster preparedness; a sustainable energy policy; the vital importance of optimal human development, including quality education and training, healthy living, and sound, affordable housing; coordination regionally of air and sea transport; the recognition of political leadership, sovereignty and independence as substantial assets to aid socio-economic development; and the requisite of a more profound regional integration inside and outside of the OECS and CARICOM.

Previous – Part 6: The “Left” in Government, 1997 to 2012
 
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Comments:

Peter:

GONSALVES, “A final cluster of issues on which on-going reflection is required”
These are more important than your listed reflections.

PLEASE EXPLAIN ALL THE CHARGES OF SEXUAL MOLESTATION AND RAPE THAT YOU FAILED TO GO TO COURT ON, AT LEAST 5, ACCORDING TO YOUR FRIEND THE DPP.

1/ Under this SVG MARXIST regime times have got so hard that people cannot earn a living in SVG.
2/ People are frightened of the police who beat and torture admissions of guilt from people, police get convictions from forced false admissions.
3/ Rape is out of control, with even prime minister Gonsalves being accused of such.
4/ Murder is out of control.
6/ Police shoot to kill, and ask questions afterwards.
7/ It is common for women to be beaten and even chopped with cutlass by their men and boyfriends.
8/ Child rape and buggery of little boys is common.
9/ Huge amounts of cash in US dollars regularly flows into the island. to be shared by the ULP hierarchy.
10/ Hospitals commonly have no drugs, wrong drugs, no medical dressings, scanning machine and ultra sound not working, hospital dirty, more chance of dieing in hospital than out of hospital.
11/ GONSALVES and all his ministers seek hospital treatment abroad whilst other citizens have to use fifth rate medical treatment in SVG.
12/ Business’s are being opened by ULP members to launder dirty money
13/ Poor home and mental institution joined as one, homeless people having to endure living with mentally sick people. The home feeds nasty food that should only be fed to pigs. Not enough beds and people sleep on urine soaked mattress’s on the floor.
14/ People who don’t vote for the Unity Labour Party cannot get government jobs and are treated as second class citizens.
15/ Any one who speaks out against GONSALVES or conditions in SVG is subjected to political spite in their workplace, village and home.
16/ When there is storm damage only ULP members get their homes repaired.

GONSALVES told us in parliament that he does Obeah for the Lord, well you cannot do Obeah for Lord Jesus or his father God, so you must be doing Obeah for Satan, the Devil incarnate.

YES FOLKS IT'S A HUNDRED PERCENT TRUE, GONSALVES SAID IN PARLIAMENT THAT HE DOES OBEAH FOR THE LORD, ITS IN THE RECORDS, CAST IN STONE FOREVER. GONSALVES HAS NEVER APOLOGIZED FOR THAT STATEMENT OR WITHDRAWN IT. THEREFORE HIS ADMISSION STANDS, HE WORSHIPS OBEAH.

In 1992 Ralph Gonsalves in an address to the Barbados Bar Association noted that
" I find the approach of both parliament and the judiciary is less than wholesome in the protection of the constitutional right of freedom and expression. Too often Caribbean legislator's go beyond the outer limits of a persons rights to free freedom of expression and they are insufficiently reproached by Caribbean judges"

Was that just a MARXIST trying to have his voice and opinions heard without interruption by the governments and laws?

Now the man is in power all those values that he voiced have been abandoned or dumped. Its what's called MARXIST manipulation.

I consider that under GONSALVES we are under a dire threat of a dynasty being formed, a dictatorship, with his son waiting in the wings on the fathers promise of power being handed to him on his retirement.

If you look at all the Vincentian newspapers of the early GONSALVES era, he was hated by our parents and grandparents, they described him as a Marxist, a man without God, and a worshipper of Cuba and Russia. Perhaps the old folks were right and we should heed their warnings, which in most cases are now warnings from the grave.

If you want dire ct quotes, I have all the news papers from the 60’s to present day, just as and I will print them, showing references and pages etc.

What GONSALVES needs to take credit for is the death, rape, murder, imprisonment of Christians in Iran. I believe his support of the Iranians at the UN makes GONSALVES scum.

IN 2001, GONSALVES ISSUED OR CAUSED TO BE ISSUED A DIPLOMATIC PASSPORT TO A VINCENTIAN CANADIAN MAN CALLED REUBEN MORGAN, HE WAS NEITHER A DIPLOMAT OR EMPLOYED BY THE SVG GOVERNMENT. SUBSEQUENTLY IN 2004, MORGAN WAS ARRESTED AT A LONDON AIRPORT CARRYING A KILO OF COCAINE IN HIS LUGGAGE, HE WAS TRAVELING ON THE VERY SAME DIPLOMATIC PASSPORT THAT GONSALVES HAD APPROVED OR ISSUED TO HIM.

Let there be no doubt unless GONSALVES approves of a diplomatic passport it cannot be officially issued.

I ENQUIRE WAS THIS THE FIRST AND ONLY COCAINE DELIVERY TO THE UK, CANADA OR ELSEWHERE BY MORGAN? THE QUESTION HAS TO BE ASKED BECAUSE HE HAD THE DIPLOMATIC PASSPORT FOR 4 YEARS BEFORE HE WAS CAUGHT.
AT THE TIME OF REUBEN MORGAN TRAVELING TO THE UK HE WAS GOING TO AN EVENT WITH A RELATIVE JUDITH JONES-MORGAN THE SVG ATTORNEY GENERAL WHO WAS TRAVELING ON A DIFFERENT FLIGHT.

In 2010, Reuben Morgan opened a Chinese restaurant with his Canadian Chinese business partner in SVG at Villa. In 2011 Morgan’s Chinese wok cooking expert said that they were going to open a casino at the new Argyle Airport, they could only do so with the blessing of GONSALVES.

The Chinese Canadian having made that statement, GONSALVES got real angry, and said he would never sanction a CASINO.

One night the Chinese restaurant closed and all the equipment moved out during the early hours of the morning. Everything was shipped out to Saint Lucia, where they have now set up business.

WAKE UP AND SMELL THE SULPHUR FROM OUR OWN HOME BRED MARXIST SELF CONFESSED LIAR AND SELF CONFESSED WORSHIPPER OF OBEAH

Simon Anderson:

PETER, AH MEAN BRIAN ALEXANDER, the readers are still waiting to hear why the Police AGAIN picked you up and took you in for questioning.

Peter:

SIMON ANDERSON, AH MEAN HORACE WILLIAMS, do you think for one minute anyone believes I am Brian Alexander, and that includes you.

When you next arrive in SVG you will know exactly who I am because we will be meeting for a little chat.

Peter:

JUST SOMETHING TO KEEP OUR MINDS WORKING

1/ Under this SVG MARXIST regime times have got so hard that people cannot earn a living in SVG.
2/ People are frightened of the police who beat and torture admissions of guilt from people, police get convictions from forced false admissions.
3/ Rape is out of control, with even prime minister Gonsalves being accused of such.
4/ Murder is out of control.
6/ Police shoot to kill, and ask questions afterwards.
7/ It is common for women to be beaten and even chopped with cutlass by their men and boyfriends.
8/ Child rape and buggery of little boys is common.
9/ Huge amounts of cash in US dollars regularly flows into the island. to be shared by the ULP hierarchy.
10/ Hospitals commonly have no drugs, wrong drugs, no medical dressings, scanning machine and ultra sound not working, hospital dirty, more chance of dieing in hospital than out of hospital.
11/ GONSALVES and all his ministers seek hospital treatment abroad whilst other citizens have to use fifth rate medical treatment in SVG.
12/ Business’s are being opened by ULP members to launder dirty money
13/ Poor home and mental institution joined as one, homeless people having to endure living with mentally sick people. The home feeds nasty food that should only be fed to pigs. Not enough beds and people sleep on urine soaked mattress’s on the floor.
14/ People who don’t vote for the Unity Labour Party cannot get government jobs and are treated as second class citizens.
15/ Any one who speaks out against GONSALVES or conditions in SVG is subjected to political spite in their workplace, village and home.
16/ When there is storm damage only ULP members get their homes repaired

1 GONSALVES WAS ACCUSED BY AT LEAST FIVE DIFFERENT WOMEN OF SEX CRIME AGAINST THEM.

2. A CANADIAN HUMAN RIGHTS LAWYER CLAIMED AND CHARGED GONSALVES WITH SEXUAL ASSAULT

3 A VINCENTIAN LADY POLICE OFFICER CLAIMED GONSALVES RAPED HER AND LAID A CHARGE AGAINST HIM OF RAPE.

4 GONSALVES TOLD US MORE THAN ONCE THAT HE IS HERE TO FINISH THE WORK OF THE DEAD MARXIST COUP LED LEADER OF GRENADA.
Maurice Bishop came to power via an illegal Marxist coup, supported and assisted by Cuba and Russia.
Maurice Bishop locked up hundreds of Grenadian citizens without trial, some for upwards of four years.
Bishop tapped and recorded citizens telephone calls. He locked up church leaders and on the advice from the Cubans, then sort to control the Church's by state control. He shut down newspapers and took away democratic rights generally of all the citizens. Suspended the constitution and replaced it with his own draconian laws and regulations. On the instructions of the Russians and Cubans he instructed the central committee that two sets of books should be kept to fraudulently deceive the IMF, World Bank and buyers of Grenadian Bonds, and those who provided loans to the country. On the instructions of the Cubans he tried to drive out the St. Georges Medical school. There were Cubans working and controlling every government ministry. Rastafarians many of who were the main fighting force of the coup and promised trips to Ethiopia and the liberalization of marijuana laws in their favor, were targeted for . They were not allowed to keep their government jobs or get government jobs unless the had their locks cut off. Their children were refused schooling unless the had their locks cut off. The change in marijuana laws turned out be a lie on the part of Bishop and never took place. Thousands of Rasta's were rounded up and interned in what one would describe as a gulag or concentration camp.
The airport that was being built at Saline was for military use by the Cubans and Russians. Enough arms and equipment to fight a sustained war in whole Caribbean for at least ten years was imported and later impounded and removed by the Americans.
Bishop increased the house and property tax which harmed the whole economy of Grenada.

5 GONSALVES SAID IN PARLIAMENT THAT HE DOES OBEAH FOR THE LORD, ITS IN THE PARLIAMENTRY RECORDS, CAST IN STONE FOREVER. GONSALVES HAS NEVER APOLOGIZED FOR THAT STATEMENT OR WITHDRAWN IT. THEREFORE HIS ADMISSION STANDS, HE WORSHIPS OBEAH.
In Christianity Obeah is considered a taboo, and the term has pejorative associations. Obeah is associated with both benign and malignant magic, charms, and with mysticism in general, and some say Satanism and devil worship.
The practice of harnessing supernatural forces and spirits for one’s own personal use, known in some parts of Africa as ‘Obeye’ (an entity that lives within witches), has taken on many names in the Caribbean islands, such as Shango (Trinidad), Santeria (Cuba), Vodun or Voodoo (Haiti), Ju-Ju (Bahamas), Obeah (Jamaica),. Obeah is usually practiced for "evil" or rather self-interested, instrumental purposes, this faith is also said to aid as a source of strength and clandestine resistance. The practice of Obeah is the belief that one can use certain spirits or supernatural agents to work harm to the living.

6 GONSALVES IS A SELF CONFESSED LIAR, HE TOLD US SO HIMSELF, “I sometimes tell lies” “show me a liar and I will show you a thief” THOSE ARE HIS VERY OWN VERY STUPID UTTERANCE’S.

7 GONSALVES HAS NEVER SUCCESSFULLY EXPLAINED THE MILLION US DOLLARS IN CASH THAT HIS COUSIN FRANCIS TOOK TO THE BANK TO CHANGE INTO EC DOLLARS.
In 2010, a bag full of cash, US dollars turned up at the NCB bank, a million US to be exact, or there about. The bank was asked to change the money into EC$s, after due consideration the called his relative and told him to take the US$s away, refusing to change it. Days and weeks afterwards ULP relatives and friends began turning up at banks with smaller sums of US money and banking it. ULP government official walked about with a huge roll of US$ bills in his pocket, removing it occasionally to pay bills in bars and shops.

8 GONSALVES HAS STAYED AWAY FROM CANADA NOW FOR SEVERAL YEARS.
Since the Canadian lady laid charges against GONSALVES for sex crimes, he has never been to Canada. He has been invited by Canadian Vincentians, but has chosen not to visit the country since.

9 GONSALVES TOOK US INTO ALBA, A MARXIST -LENINIST ORGANIZATION.
The ALBA is a vitriolic anti-American organization which made common cause with Muammar Gaddafi of Iraq, it continues to make common cause with Mahmud Ahmadinejad of Iran, encouraging the setup of "popular and protagonist democracies"; with joint UN ambassadorial support for thug and mob rule by ruling parties of ALBA member regimes.
ALBA is largely a regional infrastructure designed to support the radical MARXIST revolutionary processes inside member countries. ALBA members consider this as one chapter of a global revolution. CUBA and VENEZUELA have brought ALBA member countries into contact and cooperation with other revolutionaries the world over—the principal of these being Iran but also including Hezbollah, Fuerzas Armadas Revolucionarias Colombianas (FARC), the Spanish Basque terrorist group Euskadi Ta Askatasuna (ETA), and the Colombian Ejercito de Liberación Nacional (ELN) among others which include North Korea. The purpose of this international revolution is, as President Chávez has stated, “the creation of a new world order.” According to ALBA foreign policy, the current institutional order must be brought to its knees in order to allow a new “multi-polar world” to emerge.
Essential to this is the collapse of the United States as a global superpower.
Under GONSALVES, we are part of this MARXIST revolution.

10 GONSALVES HAS ALIGNED US WITH IRAN.
Iran is the most despised country in the Middle East, a country that is looking for war with Israel, a country that is looking to build nuclear weapons. A country who only last week Canada cut off diplomatic relations, sending home the Iranians from Canada and bringing back Canadian diplomats. They have closed the Iranian embassy.

11 UNDER GONSALVES ADIMINISTRATION CRIME IS OUT OF CONTROL.
Under Gonsalves and the ULP, rape and serious crime is out of control.
Under Gonsalves watch police officers convicted of serious crimes were reemployed to beat and torture the Vincentian youth.
Gonsalves was adamant about removing legislation that controlled the police 'PACE', this was like giving the police a license to torture our citizens.
Vincentian women are raped, beaten, chopped up with cutlass, then running for safety to Canada.
a/ Under this SVG MARXIST regime times have got so hard that they cannot earn a living in SVG.
b/ People are frightened of the police who beat and force admissions of guilt from people, police get convictions from forced false admissions.
c/ Rape is out of control, with even prime minister Gonsalves being accused of such.
d/ Murder is out of control.
e/ Police shoot to kill, and ask questions afterwards.
f/ It is common for women to be beaten and even chopped with cutlass by their men and boyfriends.
g/ Child rape and buggery of little boys is common.
h/ Huge amounts of cash in US dollars regularly flows into the island.
i/ Hospitals commonly have no drugs, wrong drugs, no medical dressings, scanning machine and ultra sound not working, hospital dirty, more chance of dieing in hospital than out of hospital.
j/ GONSALVES and all his ministers seek hospital treatment abroad whilst other citizens have to use fifth rate medical treatment in SVG.
l/ Business’s are being opened by ULP members to launder dirty money
m/ Poor home and mental institution joined as one, homeless people having to endure living with mentally sick people. The home feeds nasty food that should only be fed to pigs. Not enough beds and people sleep on urine soaked mattress’s on the floor.
n/ People who don’t vote for the Unity Labour Party cannot get government jobs and are treated as second class citizens.
o/ Any one who speaks out against GONSALVES or conditions in SVG is subjected to political spite in their workplace, village and home.
p/ When there is storm damage only ULP members get their homes repaired.

12 IN 2001, GONSALVES ISSUED OR CAUSED TO BE ISSUED A DIPLOMATIC PASSPORT TO A VINCENTIAN CANADIAN MAN CALLED REUBEN MORGAN, HE WAS NEITHER A DIPLOMAT OR EMPLOYED BY THE SVG GOVERNMENT. SUBSEQUENTLY IN 2004, MORGAN WAS ARRESTED AT A LONDON AIRPORT CARRYING A KILO OF COCAINE IN HIS LUGGAGE, HE WAS TRAVELING ON THE VERY SAME DIPLOMATIC PASSPORT THAT GONSALVES HAD APPROVED OR ISSUED TO HIM AFTER THE 2001 ELECTIONS.
In 2010, Reuben Morgan opened a Chinese restaurant with his Canadian Chinese business partner in SVG at Villa. In 2011 Morgan’s Chinese wok cooking expert said that they were going to open a casino at the new Argyle Airport, they could only do so with the blessing of GONSALVES.
The Chinese Canadian having made that statement, GONSALVES got real angry, and said he would never sanction a CASINO.
One night the Chinese restaurant closed and all the equipment moved out during the early hours of the morning. Everything was shipped out to Saint Lucia, where they have now set up business.

13 GONSALVES BESIDES BEING A VERBAL LIAR, HE IS ALSO WRITTEN ONE AS WELL
He signed a contract with the teachers, fully well knowing at the time of signing that it was unconstitutional and unenforceable. He told the teachers at the time it was the best contract they ever had.
Later when the teachers found out the truth, Gonsalves said he new the contract was unconstitutional and unenforceable and declared the contract as inspirational only.


HERE ARE SOME QUESTIONS FOR GONSALVES

Ask about the US$1 million in cash was it dirty money, ask about how many large sums of US cash have been shared with top ULP and their families, ask about the UN vote conspiracy, ask about blood money for the airport, ask why employees and suppliers have been allowed to plunder the airport funds and revenue, ask about out of control crime, ask about ministers on the take from Buccament, ask about all the thieving in ministries, ask about illegal activities by ULP MP's, ask about said drug lord payment to ULP, ask about 60 farmers whose land was taken for the airport and its still not paid for, ask about the Gonsalves rape charges that have never been to court, ask about being taken into ALBA without the peoples approval, ask about the hundreds of treasury bills and bonds issued, ask about the bankrupting of the country, ask about the forced sale of the state owned bank, ask about the forced sale of the government supermarket, ask why the Viegy highway has never been finished and where is the balance of the money, ask who gets free vegetables grown at Bell Isle Prison, ask about the employment of criminal police officers, ask why the police force is out of control, ask why the police have a shoot to kill and take no prisoners alive policy, ask why the police torture detained people in interview rooms and cells, ask why the government support police torture, ask how many complaints have been made about police planting evidence on people, ask Gonsalves why he wanted the PACE police rules abolished, ask about Glen Beache's company that had the same or similar name as a government supplier, ask about the Speaker of the House's son robbing his government employers, ask about the continual flow of lies from Gonsalves and his paid IT supporters, ask about Gonsalves sons arrogance and undiplomatic behavior in the UN police officer incident, ask about Chavez coming to SVG and calling US President names on our soil, ask about the volume of cocaine passing through SVG from Venezuela, ask how such large shipments of cocaine continue to flow from SVG to the US, ask about the airport at Argyle now carrying the name Christian Blood Airport, ask about the curse brought to the island for supporting the slaughter of Christians in Iran, ask about our links with IRAN and NORTH KOREA and other crap states, ask about our giving ALBA 1% of our funds, ask about what happened to the $1 million gift and the $3.5 million loan from Gadaffi for the Diamond stadium, ask why the NIS has been almost bankrupted by being forced to put money into the airport that can never show a return, ask why the airport was started without funding, ask why we were lied to about the coalition of the willing, ask why we have a bank account in Cuba where Iran pays money in for SVG, ask about bank accounts held in Saint Lucia by ULP Ministers, ask why people were bribed to vote ULP at the last election, ask why Gonsalves states he is here to finish the work of Maurice Bishop, ask why Gonsalves has spent millions of dollars traveling, ask why prisoners convicted of serious crimes have been released before their due time, ask why Gonsalves as Minister of Finance under funded the Ministry of Agriculture resulting in the total loss of our banana industry, ask why Gonsalves has employed at great expense an ex pupil of his to act as Legal adviser, prosecutor and defender in both Government and personal business, ask why he punished the people of the Grenadines by charging them a departure tax to leave Kingstown by ferry, ask why travelers going to the Grenadines are harassed with their box's and bags, ask why the Rastafarians were lied to, ask why Gonsalves lied about the Venezuelans paying the Cubans wages at the airport, ask why only a handful of Vincentians got jobs at the new airport project, ask why Cubans got all the jobs that Vincentians could do at the new airport project, ask why we were told that all the equipment from Venezuela was a gift, ask why we need to take loans from petrocaribe and ALBA for the airport when we were told Venezuela were paying, ask why VINLEC have been supplying the airport project with diesel and thus facilitating the need to charge electricity users excessive electricity bills, ask why we were lied to by Francis and Gonsalves when they told us that the airport would cost the SVG tax payer nothing and when it was finished no debt would be left. ask who shared in the US$1 million in cash and how they qualified for a share, ask why some people arrive at the airport without going through immigration or customs control, ask why some boxes and baggage go through the airport without customs control, ask why only ULP supporters houses get repaired after hurricanes and floods, ask why there are still NDP supporters who are living in damaged houses, ask why Gonsalves son was not charged prosecuted over the motorcycle incident, ask why Gonsalves needs dozens of plain clothes police body guards, ask why we were lied to about repairs to the roof of the official prime ministers house by omission to tell us that there was a fire, ask why Gonsalves has got a whole fleet of expensive cars for his own use, ask why Gonsalves spent up to 6 million dollars to try and ram through a yes vote for the referendum, ask why Gonsalves is accused of heaping spite on people who cross him, ask why Gonsalves calls people dreadful names, ask why Gonsalves needs to make obscene gestures, ask why Gonsalves cannot act in a way conducive to his office, ask why Gonsalves needs to personally interview girls and boys before giving them scholarships, ask why Gonsalves is so well known for his Saturday morning interviews at his offices in Bay Street, ask why Gonsalves needs his unelected and unelectable cousin Francis to be a member of Government on a continuing unelected basis as a Senator, ask why the people in the Diaspora are on a continuing basis lied to and mislead on almost everything Vincentian, ask why Gonsalves insisted on electing Chatoye a National Hero when the man was a citizen of France, a General in the French army and traded in and kept and worked slaves, ask why local newspaper reporters are frightened to ask Gonsalves pertinent questions and rely only on press releases, ask why the Judiciary recluse themselves from anything to do with what Gonsalves or the Government do wrong, ask why Colin Williams the Director of Public Prosecutions was chosen for that position when Williams was or had recently been a partner or member of Gonsalve's law firms chambers and also a member of the ULP central committee, ask why Colin Williams has always disallowed any case against Gonsalves or member of Government, ask why Gonsalves sought to change the very laws that he was accused of breaking regarding electoral rules. ask why the fire service has been so grossly under funded that the have never been able to put a fire out, ask why Gonsalves was charged with rape and accused on at least five occasions of sexual crimes, ask why he never went before a court to clear his name, ask why Saint Vincent and the grenadines main income is now scrounging from other countries, ask why Saint Vincent and the Grenadines has been turned into a prostitute state, ask why in the last eleven years no new industry has been created in the state, ask why we have lost most of our industrial base in SVG, ask why the streets are filled with beggars, ask why uniformed school children are begging in the car parks for bus fairs and food money, ask why some government worker were not paid at Christmas and their children went hungry, ask why on several occasions poor relief payment was several weeks late and caused people to starve, ask why government owe private companies and contractors over 40 million dollars for the last 4 years, ask why there are always hundreds of people paid their salary weeks late, ask why the government can't pay its utility bills putting a further burden on the private householder, ask why there is no money to repair our roads, ask why school girls are prostituting themselves for phone cards, ask why the Catholic church and the Salvation Army are feeding hundreds of homeless and poor people every day, ask why business’s are closing down, ask why the Gonsalves need to open a Café when they are very rich and there are numerous café’s nearby struggling to earn a simple living, ask why there is a ULP minister who was broke before coming to office and now has several cars several houses several woman and several children, ask why most of the important members of the police force come from Gonsalves constituency, ask why people go into small grocer shop and buy 1 egg, ask why farmers animals are being stolen weekly in the hundreds, ask why the Cross Country road has not been built and where the money is, ask why Gonsalves shouldn’t be regarded as a cult leader, ask why in many government jobs you have to be a ULP member, ask why a man that is a self confessed liar should be paid huge court settlements in cases he says damages his name and image when his name and image is damaged by his lies and accusations of rape and sex crimes, ask why Gonsalves he employ’s some of his old friends in jobs that pay up to 87 times more a month than the average worker gets, ask why the hospital and clinics are more frequently without drugs and dressings than with, ask why people at the hospital often have to supply their own towels sheets pillows and covers, ask why the death rate at the hospital is so high for usually simple procedures and illness’s, ask why there are less bed at the mental home than patients, ask why patients have to sleep on urine soaked foam mattress on the floor, ask why the food at the hospital and mental home is only fit for pigs, ask why people at the hospital have to bring in their own food if they want to eat, ask why Kingstown and every village is littered with starved diseased dogs covered in scabs, ask why new passports were issued to people who changed their names and no page in the passport to show their previous names, ask why serious numbers of our youth is using crack cocaine, ask why the police are given books of penalty tickets once a week and told to issue enough tickets to pay their salary, ask why up till last year there were Cubans working in every ministry department, ask why Gonsalves has never been to Canada since a Canadian lady claimed he tried to force her to have sex with him, ask Gonsalves why the Cubans Venezuelans and some other ALBA members are currently keeping him at arms length, ask Gonsalves about his uttering’s exposed in several Wikileaks documents, ask Gonsalves if he is related to Antonio Gonsalves the Portuguese Madeiran sea captain who took the first African slaves from the North West African Coast and started the Atlantic slave trade,
ask Gonsalves about how in 1968 he ran away when the Jamaican demonstrations which he led developed into riots with 6 people killed and US$20 million of property bus’s and vehicles destroyed, ask him who threw stones at the American Embassy in Jamaica in 1968, ask him about his ongoing fight against cowardice, ask Gonsalves why he was fired from his lecturing post in Barbados, ask him how many countries he was made person non gratis of at one time, ask him about his trips to East Europe during the cold war, ask why he appears in the recently released Czechoslovakian secret police records, ask why he appears in records of the Grenada Marxist revolution, ask Gonsalves if he met with Russian KGB officers prior or/and during the Grenada revolution, ask Gonsalves if he met with Cuban military and secret service officers prior or/and during the Grenada revolution, ask Gonsalves if he ever left Grenada in a Cuban transport plane.
ask Gonsalves when he first went to Cuba, ask Gonsalves how many trips he made to Eastern Europe during the 'Cold War', ask him about his ongoing fight against cowardice and dreadful unfounded fear of assassination.

Simon Anderson:

PETER, AH MEAN, BRIAN ALEXANDER, EVERYONE has been aware for some time now that indeed you are Brian Alexander.

Do you remember, I kept asking you about Brian Alexander for ten days before I disclosed exactly who you are?

Brian, what was your response?

You did not utter one word!

Now you want to say that you are not Brian Alexander.

Brian, I know you well.

I was in BGS with your brother, Freddy. We played cricket together.

I know your sisters who attended GHS, very well.

In fact, I kinda came close to actually becoming your brother-in-law.

I remember seeing you, all together, over the years.

Brian, don't mess with me!

Peter:

COOeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeee! HORACE WILLIAMS alias SIMON ANDERSON, MARXIST LIAR AND THIEF EXTRAORDINAIR. I WILL MESS WITH YOU, WE ARE DUE A QUITE CHAT WHEN YOUR NEXT IN SVG.

Here is an idea about the NICE RADIO money that GONSALVES wants to get his little fat hands on. GONSALVES should use it to pay reparations for his ancestors creation of the Atlantic Slave Trade. Antonio Gonsalves a sea captain of Madeira and Portugal was responsible for the start of the Atlantic Slave Trade. Gonsalves is also related to Christopher Columbas.

GONSALVES wants the British to pay reparations, his family is as responible as the British, so let him pay reparations.

Any apologies and reparations should be made by the Portuguese government and in particular the Gonsalves family.
The Portuguese sea captain Antonio Gonsalves took 8 Africans into slavery from the South West African Sahara coast. He was part of the Gonsalves of Madeira family.
Also a member of the Gonsalves family of Madeira by marriage was Christopher Columbus, who was responsible for the deaths of millions of Caribbean and American indigenous Indians. And thereafter the shipping of African slaves to the Caribbean and Americas.
1418 -
Madeira Portugal:
This was the beginning of the Portuguese slave trading era that much later affected Saint Vincent and changed the World. The official history of the Portuguese Island of Madeira and the following Caribbean slave trade starts with the discovery of the island of Porto Santo by João Gonçalves (John Gonsalves) a Jew (1392-1460). Also called O Zarco “the cross-eyed” and his fellow officers Bartolomeu Perestrelo and Tristão Vaz Teixeira in 1418. The next year they settled Madeira island which was just 38 kilometres (23 miles) away from Porto Santo.
The Portuguese claimed the island of Madeira.
John Gonsalves (João Gonçalves ) discovers Madeira.
As a reward for this Prince Henry nominated him the first donee captain of Funchal. On Madeira, he named a certain area “Câmara de Lobos” due to a number of sea lions found in a cave there.
(Note: In Portuguese, sea lion is lobo marinho, which translates literally as sea wolf.)
[Gonsalves see also p3 1441, p4 1442, p5 1444, p5 1450, p6 1499]
1441 -
Africa:
In 1441: Off the West African coast, an occurrence that later affected the World this was the year that the international slave trade began with Prince Henry the Navigator of Portugal, when his sea captain Antão Gonçalves (written as Gonçalves but pronounced Gonsalves [Antonio or Anthony Gonsalves], in this recorded historical fact Antão can be found both as Gonsalves and Gonçalves, variations in the name due to anglicizing etc. Search the internet under either spelling with the same results. Gonsalves is a recent phonetic spelling of the name Gonçalves, historically there was no such spelling as Gonsalves) kidnapped ten Africans as slaves and delivered them to Prince Henrique (Henry) who gave them to the Pope as gifts.
Antão Gonçalves (Antonio or Anthony Gonsalves), intending to acquire a cargo of animal skins and oil to sell in Europe, landed on the shores of West Africa. The ten Africans he abducted were almost an afterthought. Whilst trading glass beaded necklaces for skins with the Africans, he beckoned to them and said “vindo ao papa” (come to Papa), when they approached they were overpowered and manacled and taken aboard his ship. When he returned to Portugal, Gonsalves delivered the captives to Prince Henry, who in turn presented them as a gift to the Catholic Pope, then as much a powerful political figure as religious leader. The gesture so pleased the Catholic pontiff that he granted Prince Henry licence to a broad chunk of West African territory for slave taking. Hence the start of the African/European commercial slave trade. For some time thereafter, the Portuguese dominated the African/European slave trade with the continent of Africa and the peddling of its inhabitants. Long a part of history throughout much of the world, the practice often enslaving others now entered a new era, the so-called “Commercial Age.” Thousands of Africans during this period were herded into cramped, unsanitary quarters and shipped across the Atlantic Ocean for sale. Within two decades of Antão Gonsalves’ voyage, the African slave trade had become a highly profitable venture for the Portuguese.
Antão Gonçalves (Anthony Gonsalves) a Portuguese captain a son of João Gonçalves (John Gonsalves), abducted ten Africans at Rio do Ouro on the West African coast. Antão Gonçalves (Portugal, dates unknown) 1441: Travels to Rio de Oro and brings the first cargo of African slaves to Portugal. In 1443, 1445, 1447, Anthony Gonsalves makes three more voyages to Rio de Oro.
The first shipment of African slaves were sent directly from Africa to Portugal. With the complicity and blessings of the Catholic Church the Portuguese would come to dominate the African gold, spice and slave trade for almost a century before other European nations became greatly involved.
Portugal: The Gonsalves (Gonçalves) family were Marranos [secret Jews because of Jewish persecution by the Catholic church] they played a leading role in introducing sugar cane cultivation to the Atlantic islands of Madeira
The start of the African slave trade as known in the Caribbean and Americas.
Later that year Portuguese captains Antão Gonçalves and Nuno Tristão capture 12 Africans in Cabo Branco (modern Mauritania) and take them to Portugal as slaves. Portuguese sailors entered the international slave trade, with African negroes at Cape Blanc.
African slaves were sold in the market at Lisbon, the slaves were taken to the market place and openly sold in the market at Lisbon.
The Arabs Moors had delt in Africa slaves for many centuries and possibly thousands of years. They also traded in white slaves, which is often forgotten, this white trade was at one period as big or even greater than the African slave practice.

'excerpt from a book shortly to be published, which I have just reviewd'.


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