By Ray Chickrie
Guyana, a developing country with a vast interior, doesn’t have a national carrier and is spending about $200 million to modernize and extend the runway of its international airport. And without a realistic master plan, the country hopes to become an aviation hub in northern South America.
Born in Guyana, Raymond Chickrie was a teacher in the New York City public school system and is currently teaching in the Middle East
Interestingly, Guyana is struggling to attract reputable international carriers. Adding to the woes of Guyana’s aviation industry, which is nonexistent, was the decision to award Caribbean Airlines (CAL) flag carrier status, which caught everyone by surprise. It was a hasty decision shrouded in secrecy and lacking in transparency. So where is the justification to modernize and expand Guyana’s international airport, CJIA and naming CAL Guyana’s national carrier?
This could be the moment for the government of Guyana to get back into the airline business through a joint venture with Surinam Airways (SLM) or LIAT but this may never happen because CAL is now Guyana’s national carrier. Guyana granting CAL flag carrier status and Trinidad’s fuel subsidy to CAL is now unfolding and has caught the PPP regime by surprise.
There are all sorts of speculations as to why Delta Airlines is leaving Guyana. The government of Guyana denies that it’s the flag carrier status granted to CAL. Delta claims that it is low passenger load and CAL’s subsidized fuel that led to its decision to end its service to Guyana. At the same time, Minister Irfan Ally said to the press that Guyana is keen to take up the subsidy issue. Strangely, why would that be an issue for Guyana? It’s the fuel subsidy that CAL receives that keeps fares low for Guyanese. However, that will lead to other carriers such as Delta and Surinam Airways leaving the Guyana market soon.
Caribbean Airlines operates 39 weekly Boeing 737-800s flights from Georgetown, including 36 flights to Port of Spain and three flights to Barbados, five Boeing 767-300 non-stop flights to New York and three non-stop flights to Toronto, taking about 75% of the Guyana market since the demise of RedJet. CAL is poised to take about 80% of the market when Delta pulls out of Guyana in May. Considering this and the large fuel subsidy that CAL receives from the government of Trinidad, it’s hard for small airlines such as Fly Jamaica, RedJet or Surinam Airways to survive the Guyana market.
CAL is accused of driving airlines out of the Caribbean. Chief Secretary of the Tobago House of Assembly Orville London, speaking on the issue of Tobago’s tourism industry this week, said he was not comfortable with the role Caribbean Airlines (CAL) was playing. He said, “CAL was using its subsidies from the central government to introduce predatory pricing on routes into T&T, deterring foreign airlines from bringing people to Tobago.”
This could very well be the reason why Delta is leaving Guyana and SLM may be next.
In my previous letter to Stabroek News, dated December 25, 2012, I asked the following: “CAL may very well do as it pleases because the government of Guyana will now protect the North American routes and the POS-GT Bridge. What agreement did the two parties sign? How does this affect Delta and Surinam Airways, and future carriers plying the North American routes? What recourse does the government have if CAL disappoints the Guyanese people?” Well one thing is for sure, Delta is terminating its service to Guyana and CAL is yet to station aircrafts at CJIA connecting Guyana to Brazil and Lethem.
A developing country like Guyana, with a vast interior, needs a national carrier even if that means servicing domestic and regional routes only. The PPP regime rants about their growing tourism industry. One wonders how many local Guyanese can afford to fly domestically. However, CAL had promised the PPP regime that they would service at least Lethem from what information was shared with the media. This hasn’t happened yet. And locals can’t afford to fly with private domestic carriers unless their families who are visiting from North America pay for them. Thus, it’s an empty promise that the PPP regime at Freedom House is serious about opening the country’s frontiers.
I had asked, “Were SLM and Delta consulted before this agreement with CAL was made? The PPP/C regime begged SLM to return to Guyana. How does this affect SLM’s plans to expand into Northern Brazil, New York and Toronto from Guyana?” It is very clear now that Freedom House kept SLM, Delta and LIAT in the dark about granting CAL flag carrier status. Now how embarrassing it is that the PPP regime approached SLM to service the New York route that Delta will drop. Really, does this administration consult or think before it acts?
Suriname, according to some economists and the agencies, Moody’s and Fitch, is poised for a serious economic take off and this could have been an opportunity for the Guyanas to forge an alliance with SLM. Surinam Airways already exists and it’s more reliable than the fly-by-night carriers that often fly the skies of Guyana. SLM has three aircraft: two Boeing 737s and an Airbus 340. SLM does not have an aircraft to service New York non-stop from Guyana and is looking to get rid of its Airbus 340 and add two Boeing 757s, but that’s not possible right now since the lease on the Airbus terminates in 2015. SLM is having difficulty plying one aircraft on the trans-Atlantic route to Amsterdam.
As well, there are frequent delays on SLM’s flights from Guyana to Miami, Cayenne, Belem and Paramaribo because the government often charters one of the Boeing 737-300s for overseas trips. According to information out of Suriname, they are looking to acquire an additional Boeing to fly regional routes and future expansion into Northern Brazil. Paramaribo will definitely need some sort of incentives from Guyana if they are to connect Guyana to New York. What did President Ramotar promise SLM in Haiti?
In addition, the future of Fly Jamaica, the new upstart airline that plans to fly to Guyana, is very uncertain. Guyana is and will not be a tourist destination in the near future. Further, there are no migrant workers who travel back and forth between Guyana, Toronto, Miami and New York; thus, reputable air carriers such as JetBlue may not fly to Guyana. The Guyana load is seasonal and the country has little tourist infrastructure to be marketed as a tourist destination. Further, and above all, because of high crime rate, violence and constant political turmoil in Guyana, tourism is unlikely to take off. Guyanese going back home are not tourists.